Vespertilionidae: Vesper or Plain-nosed Bats

Eleven species of Vesper Bats have been reliably recorded at Blagdon Lake - so far

The familyVespertilionidae [Gray, 1821] are variously known as Vesper, Evening or Plain-nosed Bats, and are the largest family of the order Chiroptera with 48 genera comprising over 410 species that occur on all continents except Antarctica. Eight genera, comprising 30 species, occur in Europe with a further seven species in adjacent areas and a rare North American vagrant. They are small to medium-sized, with long tails that are contained completely within the tail membrane (Serotine is the single exception in the UK) that is folded ventrally when at rest. The majority of UK species have been seen at the lake, the exceptions being principally woodland dwellers. It is possible that we could yet add two more species, Bechstein's Bat Myotis bechsteinii and Western Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus, both of which have been found locally, and there is an outside possibility that Grey Long-eared Bat Plecotus austriacus could also turn up.

Click on a link to go to each species account:

    1. Daubenton's Bat Myotis daubentonii [Kuhl, 1817]
    2. Brandt's Bat Myotis brandtii [Eversmann, 1845]
    3. Whiskered Bat Myotis mystacinus [Kuhl, 1817]
    4. Natterer's Bat Myotis nattereri [Kuhl, 1817]
    5. Leisler's Bat Nyctalus leisleri [Kuhl, 1817]
    6. Noctule Bat Nyctalus noctula [Schreber, 1774]
    7. Common Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus [Schreber, 1774]
    8. Soprano Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus [Leach, 1825]
    9. Nathusius' Pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii [Keyserling & Blasius, 1839]
    10. Serotine Bat Eptesicus serotinus [Schreber, 1774]
    11. Brown Long-eared Bat Plecotus auritus [Linnaeus, 1758]

Bibliography (sources of information)

Bat Conservation Trust website

Dietz, C., Helverson, O. von, Nill, D. 2009. Bats of Britain, Europe and Northwest Africa. A&C Black Publishers Ltd., London.

Fisher, J., Francis, J. & Jones, Prof G. The Bats of Britain (an online guide). University of Bristol, School of Biological Sciences website

Jones, G. & Barratt, E. 1999. Vespertilio pipistrellus, Schreber, 1774, V. pygmaeus, Leach, 1825, (Currently Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus; Mammalia, Chiroptera): proposed designation of neotypes. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 56, 182-186.

Russ, J. Nathusius' Pipistrelle in Great Britain & Ireland website

Russ, J. 2012. British Bat Calls A Guide to Species Identification. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter.

Updated 6 June, 2015